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Saturday, December 17, 2016

French draft resolution on Aleppo Evacuation: UN monitoring

The humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic
The Security Council,
PP 1: Recalling all its previous resolutions, especially 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015) and 2286 (2016);
PP2: Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic;
PP3: Alarmed by the continued deterioration of the devastating humanitarian situation in Aleppo and by the fact that urgent humanitarian evacuations and assistance are now needed by tens of thousands of besieged Aleppo inhabitants;
  1. Takes note of the efforts to carry out evacuations of civilians and opposition fighters from the besieged districts of the city of Aleppo;
  2. Stresses that these evacuations must be conducted in accordance with international humanitarian law and principles and emphasizes that the evacuations of civilians must be voluntary and to final destinations of their choice, and protection must be provided to all civilians who choose or who have been forced to be evacuated and those who opt to remain in their homes;
  3. Stresses the importance to ensure the voluntary, safe and dignified passage of all civilians of besieged parts of Aleppo or other areas, under the monitoring of and coordination by the United Nations and its partners, to a destination of their choice; stresses that in such circumstances, priority should be given to the most seriously wounded people and the most vulnerable;
  4. Demands that all parties allow complete, immediate, unconditional, safe and unhindered access for the United Nations and its implementing partners, in order to ensure that humanitarian assistance reaches people through the most direct route in order to meet basic needs, including the provision of medical care, consistent with the provisions of its resolution 2258 (2015) for the whole of Syria and respect and protect all civilians in besieged parts of Aleppo, and throughout Syria; stresses that all parties must respect their obligations under international humanitarian law and, in particular, to respect and protect civilians and civilian objects;
  5. Calls on all parties to respect and protect all medical and humanitarian personnel, their means of transport and equipment, as well as hospitals and other medical facilities throughout the country, consistent with its resolution 2286 (2016);
  6. Requests the Secretary General as a first step immediately to redeploy the United Nations humanitarian staff already on the ground to carry out adequate, neutral monitoring, direct observation and to report on evacuations from besieged parts of Aleppo, to ensure further deployment of staff for these purposes as needed and demands all parties to provide these monitors with safe, immediate and unimpeded access;
  7. Requests the Secretary General to take urgent steps for the observation by the United Nations and its implementing partners of the well-being of civilians, as well as the full respect of international humanitarian law inside Aleppo, and to make necessary arrangements to that effect ;
  8. Further requests the Secretary General to report to the Security Council on the implementation of this resolution, including whether access has been granted and on the basis of the reports of the monitors described in OP 6, within 5 days of adoption of this resolution;
  9. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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