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Monday, July 28, 2014

Security Council bans oil trade with ISIS (PRST)

Statement by the President of the Security Council
ON ILLICIT OIL TRADE AS SOURCE OF REVENUE FOR TERRORISTS IN SYRIA AND IRAQ


The Security Council recalls its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2001), 1989 (2011), 2129 (2013), 2133 (2014), and 2161 (2104) stresses the obligation of the Member States to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts, and expresses grave concern over the reports of the access to and seizure of oilfields and pipelines in Syria and Iraq by terrorist groups listed by the Security Council 1267/1989 Committee, namely "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" and "Jabhat Al-Nusra", and underscores in this regard that any trade of oil with these entities would be inconsistent with the Council's resolutions and that all States are required to ensure that their nationals and any persons within their territory do not trade in oil with these entities.

The Security Council reaffirms its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria and Iraq, and in this regard, strongly Condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade of oil from Syria and Iraq involving terrorist groups. The Security Council also emphasizes that such engagement constitutes financial support for terrorists and may lead to further sanctions listings if those groups are listed by the Security Council 1267/1989 Sanctions Committee as associated with Al-Qaida.

The Security Council notes with concern that any oilfields and related infrastructure controlled by terrorist organizations could generate material income for terrorists, which would support their recruitment efforts, including of foreign terrorist fighters, and strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks.

The Security Council reminds all States that they are required to ensure that their nationals and any persons within their territory not engage in any commercial or financial transactions with or for the benefit, directly or indirectly, of the "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" and "Jabhat Al-Nusra" notably with respect to oil in Syria and Iraq.

The Security Council also emphasizes the importance of all Member States upholding their obligation to ensure that their nationals and persons within their territory do not make donations to individuals and entities designated by the Security Council 1267/1989 Committee.

The Security Council calls upon all Member States, should any information on such activities be available to them, to bring it to the notice of the 1267/1989 Sanctions Committee and cooperate closely with the Security Council in this regard.
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Sunday, July 27, 2014

Security Council presidential statement on Gaza

DRAFT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT
The Security Council expresses grave concern regarding the deterioration in the situation as a result of the crisis related to Gaza and the loss of civilian lives and casualties.

The Security Council calls for full respect of international humanitarian law, including the protection of civilian population, and reiterates the need to take appropriate steps to ensure the safety and well-being of civilians and their protection.

The Security Council expresses strong support for the call by international partners and the Secretary-General of the United Nations for an immediate and unconditional humanitarian ceasefire, allowing for the delivery of urgently needed assistance, and they urged all parties to accept and fully implement the humanitarian ceasefire into the Eid period and beyond.  The Security Council commends the efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry for their efforts in this regard.

The Security Council also calls on parties to engage in efforts to achieve a durable and fully respected ceasefire, based on the Egyptian initiative. In this regard, the Security Council welcomes the efforts of international partners and the convening of the international meeting to support the ceasefire held in Paris on July 26, 2014 and  urges all concerned regional and international parties to vigorously support efforts to consolidate an agreement between the parties.

The Security Council emphasizes that civilian and humanitarian facilities, including those of the UN, must be respected and protected, and called on all parties to act consistently with this principle.

The Security Council calls for the full implementation of resolution 1860 (2009) and stressed the need for immediate provision of humanitarian assistance to the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip, including through urgent additional contribution to UNRWA. The Security Council recognizes and commends the vital role played by the Agency, along with other United Nations agencies and humanitarian organizations, in addressing the critical humanitarian needs in Gaza.


The Security Council urges the parties and the international community to achieve a comprehensive peace based on the vision of a region where two democratic states, Israel and Palestine, live side by side in peace with secure and recognized borders as envisioned in Security Council resolution 1850 (2008).
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Friday, June 27, 2014

Russian draft on illicit oil trade as source of revenue for terrorism in Syria

27 June 2014
Russian Federation – draft Security Council Presidential Statement

 ON ILLICIT OIL TRADE AS SOURCE OF REVENUE
FOR TERRORISTS IN SYRIA

The Security Council recalls its resolution 2146 (2014) and expresses grave concern over the access to and seizure of the oilfields in Syria by the terrorist groups in Syria, namely "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" and "Jabhat Al-Nusra", and recalls in this regard that any export or import of crude without authorization of sovereign State is illegal,
The Security Council notes with concern that the oilfields and related infrastructure if controlled by terrorist organizations generate one of the main sources of income for terrorists which supports their recruitment efforts and strengthens their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks,
The Security Council strongly condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade of oil from Syria involving terrorist groups, and reminds that such engagement constitutes financial support for entities designated by the Security Council 1267/1989 Committee as terrorist and may lead to further listings by the Committee.
The Security Council recalls the obligation of the Member States to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts.
The Security Council encourages all Member States to take necessary measures to prevent their nationals and entities and individuals in their territory from engaging in any commercial and financial transactions with respect to crude oil in Syria in the possession of non-state actors or sold by them,
The Security Council calls upon all Member States to cooperate closely should any information on such activity be available to them.
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Monday, June 23, 2014

Security Council draft statement (revised) on chemical weapons in Syria/ OPCW

The members of the Security Council reiterated that the use of chemical weapons anywhere constitutes a threat to international peace and security.  They welcomed the removal of the remaining 7.2 per cent of declared chemical weapons material from the Syrian Arab Republic as announced by the OPCW-UN Joint Mission on 23 June. Despite many months of delay, the total of declared chemical weapons materials destroyed or removed from Syria has reached 100 per cent.
The members of the Security Council also acknowledged the destruction of all declared production, mixing and filling equipment and munitions in the Syrian Arab Republic. They remain seized of the need to address the destruction of the twelve remaining chemical weapons production facilities in the Syrian Arab Republic.
The members of the Security Council also look forward to questions about the gaps and discrepancies in the Syrian Arab Republic’s declarations to the OPCW being resolved, and support the work of the OPCW and Joint Mission in this regard so that the international community can have confidence that the Syrian Government is fulfilling its obligations under resolution 2118 (2013).
The members of the Security Council paid tribute to the work of the international community in support of the Joint Mission in reaching this significant milestone in the implementation of resolution 2118 (2013).
Further, the members of the Security Council remain deeply concerned about the reports of systematic chlorine gas use in the Syrian Arab Republic.
The members of the Security Council commended the Joint Mission staff for their high professionalism, courage and dedication, and called on all parties to show continued commitment to meeting all outstanding obligations under resolution 2118 (2013) and to support the continued work of the Joint Mission in this regard.

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Friday, June 20, 2014

Ban Ki Moon's 6 points plan for Syria

THE UN SECRETARY-GENERAL
ADDRESS AT THE ASIA SOCIETY: 
“CRISIS IN SYRIA: CIVIL WAR, GLOBAL THREAT”
New York, 20 June 2014

Ms. Josette Sheeran, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Asia Society, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am honoured to be hosted by the Asia Society. I thank Josette Sheeran for her leadership – not only of the Asia Society today, but also for her previous service as head of the World Food Programme.
I am here to highlight the worsening of the already horrific war in Syria, which continues to bleed beyond its borders.
I am here to express my disappointment at the cold calculation that seems to be taking hold -- that little can be done except to arm the parties and watch the conflict rage.
The international community must not abandon the people of Syria and the region to never- ending waves of cruelty and crisis.
We must act. All the values for which we stand, and all the reasons for which the United Nations exists, are at stake, here and now, across the devastated landscape that is Syria today.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me start by recognizing the full scale of the catastrophe.
The death toll may be well over 150,000. Half the country’s population of more than 22 million is displaced, including nearly 2.8 million registered refugees who have fled the violence and persecution. Prisons and makeshift detention facilities are swelling with men, women and even children. Deaths by summary executions and unspeakable torture are widespread every day. People are dying from hunger and from once-rare infectious diseases. Whole urban centres and some of humankind’s great architectural and cultural heritage lie in ruins. Destruction and death are everywhere.
It did not have to be this way. In 2011, when thousands of Syrian civilians peacefully filled the squares of Dara and other places, they were not calling for regime change. “Hurriya”, they chanted; “freedom”. They held banners, not weapons. After decades of repression, they wanted reform, not revolution.
The response of the authorities was merciless: snipers and tanks firing indiscriminately into the crowds. Appeals to President Assad from around the world fell on deaf ears. As popular demands escalated, the Government’s reaction turned even more ferocious. Civilians took up arms. Syrians turned against each other. Regional powers became involved. Radical groups gained a foothold. Syria today is increasingly a failed state.

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Russian draft resolution (updated) on Ukraine: Humanitarian corridors

The Security Council,
PP1 Recalling the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, including equal rights and self-determination of peoples, sovereign equality of all its Members, refraining from the threat or use of force against territorial integrity or political independence of any state and non-intervention in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state,
PP2 Reaffirming its commitment to sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine,
PP3 Recalling all applicable norms of international human rights law and international humanitarian law,
PP4 Recognizing the need for urgent efforts following recent elections of the President of Ukraine aimed at stabilization of situation in Ukraine by peaceful means, as well as the primary responsibility of the Ukrainian authorities to ensure safety and security of the people of Ukraine and their rights and freedoms,
PP5 Expressing deep concern about the continuing crisis in Ukraine, the intensification of hostilities leading to civilian casualties, the destruction of residential buildings and civilian infrastructure, including the supply of food and other staple goods, and the health care,
PP6 Condemning the shelling of residential areas and civilian objects as well as humanitarian convoys,
PP7 Further expressing deep concern at the reports of the use of incendiary bombs and other types of prohibited inhumane weapons, including in population centres,
PP8 Condemning all forms of terrorist activities, including politically motivated attacks and killings,
PP9 Expressing grave alarm at the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in South–Eastern Ukraine,
PP10 Recalling the Geneva Statement of 17 April, 2014 and the "Roadmap for Concrete Steps Forward: the OSCE as an inclusive platform and impartial actor for stability in Ukraine" of 12 May, 2014 prepared by the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office on the basis of the Geneva Statement,
PP11 Highly appreciating the activities by the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in implementation of its mandate, including through finding and revealing facts related to threats to the civilian population and creating conditions conducive to stabilization of situation in Ukraine and restoring security for all citizens on the basis of the "Roadmap" referred to above,
OP1 Demands the immediate cessation of all violence, including military operations, intimidation or provocative actions, in particular endangering the lives and security of the civilian population, civilian infrastructure and humanitarian goods;
OP2 Strongly urges to immediately establish a sustained ceasefire to create environment conducive to the Ukrainian-led inclusive dialogue;
OP3 Condemns the abduction of the members of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission and illegal detention of journalists in Ukraine and strongly urges the immediate and unconditional release of OSCE monitors as well as ensuring their freedom of movement and access;
OP4 Demands the establishment of temporary relief corridors in order to allow the civilian population who wish to do so to leave safely the areas of violence and ensure the unhindered delivery of humanitarian assistance to the civilian population in South-Eastern Ukraine, in accordance with the United Nations Guiding Principles of Humanitarian Emergency Assistance;
OP5 Welcomes the efforts of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, including based on his Roadmap, and calls for launching an all-inclusive Ukrainian-led dialogue involving all political forces and regions of the country, including with the view to reaching agreement on the principles of constitutional reform;
OP6 Encourages in this regard the full implementation of all provisions of the OSCE Chairperson-in Office's "Roadmap";
OP7 Requests the United Nations Secretary-General to support all efforts, including by OSCE, aimed at cessation of violence and finding peaceful sustainable and inclusive resolution of the crisis in Ukraine and to report regularly on security and humanitarian situation in Ukraine;
OP 8 Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Security Council Draft Statement on Iraq /ISIL /Turkey

DRAFT - SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON IRAQ

The members of the Security Council deplored in the strongest terms the recent events in the city of Mosul in Iraq where elements of the terrorist organization the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have attacked Iraqi security personnel and civilians, taken over significant parts of the city, including the Turkish Consulate and many government buildings, and displaced hundreds of thousands of people.
The members of the Security Council also condemned the recent terrorist attacks that are being perpetrated against the people of Iraq in an attempt to destabilize the country and region. They expressed their deep condolences to the families of the victims, reaffirmed their support for the people and the Government of Iraq, particularly those displaced by these terrorist acts, and reiterated their commitment to Iraq’s security and territorial integrity. They expressed grave concern for the hundreds of thousands of individuals who have fled their homes seeking refuge in other areas of Iraq, and expressed gratitude to the host communities that have opened their doors to those seeking shelter and food.
The members of the Security Council welcomed the Government of Iraq’s announced plans for a national unity meeting to bring together all of Iraq’s people to combat terrorist threats and continue to encourage the Government of Iraq, as well as Iraqi leaders from across the political spectrum including the Kurdistan Regional Government, to work together to promote stability in Ninewa province and to work with the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) and humanitarian agencies to ensure the delivery of urgently needed humanitarian relief.
The members of the Security Council strongly denounced the taking of hostages at the Turkish Consulate and insist on the immediate and safe return of all personnel. They condemned acts of violence against diplomatic and consular representatives, which endanger or take innocent lives and seriously impede the normal work of such representatives and officials.
The members of the Security Council reiterated that no act of violence or terrorism can reverse a path towards peace, democracy and reconstruction in Iraq, underpinned by the rule of law and respect for human rights, which is supported by the people and the Government of Iraq and the international community.  They remind States that they must ensure that measures taken to combat terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, in particular human rights, refugee and humanitarian law.

The members of the Security Council also reminded Member States of their obligation to implement and enforce the targeted financial sanctions, arms embargo and travel ban imposed on ISIL and associated groups and individuals under the sanctions regime pursuant to resolutions 1267 and 1989.
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