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Saturday, August 9, 2014

UK draft resolution on ISIL/ ANF

DRAFT UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION
PP1 Reaffirming its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2001), 16I8 (2005), 1624 (2005). 2083 (2012), 2129 (2013), 2133 (2014), 2161 (2014), and its relevant Presidential Statements,
PP2 Reaffirming that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations, whenever and by whomsoever committed, (UNSCR 2129 PP1)
PP3 Reiterating its condemnation of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Al Nusrah Front (ANF) and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al Qaida for ongoing and multiple criminal terrorist acts aimed at causing the deaths of innocent civilians and other victims, destruction of property and greatly undermining stability, and recalling that the asset freeze, travel ban and arms embargo requirements in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161 (2014) apply to ISIL, ANF, and all other individuals, groups, undertakings, and entities associated with Al-Qaida, (Adapted UNSCR 2161 PP2)
PP4 Reaffirming that those who have committed or are otherwise responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law or serious violations or abuses of human rights in Iraq and Syria, including targeted persecution of' individuals on the basis of their religion or belief, must be held accountable, (NEW)
PP5 Expressing its gravest concern that territory in Iraq and Syria is under the control of ISIL and ANF and about the negative impact of their presence and actions on stability in Iraq, Syria and the region, including the devastating humanitarian impact on the civilian populations which has led to the displacement of more than one million people, and about their acts of violence that foment sectarian tensions, (NEW)
PP6 Gravely concerned by the financing of, and financial and other resources obtained by ISIL, ANF all other individuals, groups, undertakings, and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and underscoring that these resources will support their future terrorist activities, (NEW)
PP7 Strongly condemning incidents of kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida for any purpose, including with the aim of raising or gaining political concessions (SCR 2133 pp5 - adapted to name ISIL) and underscoring that the payment of ransoms to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida Funds future kidnappings and hostage-takings which creates more victims and perpetuates the problem, (2133 pp6-pp7, adapted for ISIL)
PP8 Expressing concern at the flow of foreign terrorist fighters to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and the scale of this phenomenon, (Adapted UNSCR 2161, PP21)
PP9 Condemning in the strongest terms the incitement of terrorist acts and repudiating attempts at justification or glorification (apologie) of terrorist acts that may incite further terrorist acts, (UNSCR 1624. PP4)
PP10 Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Iraq and Syria, and the purposes and principles of 'the Charter of the United Nations, (UNSCR 2168/2165)
PP11 Reaffirming the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of' the United Nations and international law, including applicable international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, stressing  in this regard the important role the United Nations plays in leading and coordinating this effort, (UNSCR 2161, PP5)
PP12 Noting with concern the continued threat posed to international peace and security by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al -Qaida, and reaffirming its resolve to address all aspects of that threat, (UNSC R 2161, PP22- adapted)
PP13 Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
OP1. Deplores in the strongest terms the terrorist acts of ISIL and its violent extremist ideology, including its continued gross, systematic and widespread abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, the indiscriminate killing and deliberate targeting of civilians, numerous atrocities especially in the Syrian governorates of Ar-Raqqah, Deir ez-Zor, Aleppo and Idlib, and its atrocities in northern Iraq, especially in Tamim, Salaheddine and Niniveh, including those involving mass executions and extrajudicial killings of Iraqi soldiers, targeted persecution of individuals on the basis of their religion or belief, kidnapping of civilians, forced displacement of members of minority groups, unlawful use of child soldiers, rape, arbitrary detention, and destruction of places of worship; (NEW)
OP2. Recalls that widespread or systematic attacks directed against any civilian populations because of their ethnic background, religion or belief may constitute a crime against humanity, (21 July Council Press Statement on Iraq) emphasizes the need to ensure that perpetrators, organisers and sponsors of terrorist acts are held accountable for violations or abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, urges all parties to prevent such violations and abuses; (NEW)
OP3. Urges all parties to protect the civilian population, in particular women and children, affected by the violent activities of ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, especially against any form of sexual violence; (NEW)
OP4. Demands that ISIL, ANF, and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida cease all atrocities and terrorist acts;
OP5.  Urges all States, in accordance with their obligations under resolution 1373 (2001), to cooperate in efforts to find and bring to justice the perpetrators, organizers and sponsors of terrorist acts; (UNSCR 1618, OP7)

Foreign Terrorist Fighters
OP6. Condemns the recruitment by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida of foreign terrorist fighters, whose presence is exacerbating conflict and contributing to violent radicalisation demands that all foreign terrorist fighters associated with ISIL and other terrorist groups withdraw immediately, and expresses its readiness to consider listing those recruiting for or participating in the activities of ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida under the Al-Qaida sanctions regime; (NEW)
OP7. Calls upon all Member States to take national measures to suppress the flow of foreign terrorist fighters to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, reiterates further the obligation of Member Slates to prevent the movement of terrorists or terrorist groups, in accordance with applicable international law, by, inter alia, effective border controls, and, in this context, to exchange information expeditiously, improve cooperation among competent authorities to prevent the movement of terrorists and terrorist groups to and from their territories, the supply of weapons for terrorists and financing that would support terrorists; (based on pp21 of 2161)
OP8. Encourages Member States to engage with communities within their territories who are most at risk of recruitment and violent radicalization to discourage travel to Syria and Iraq for the purposes of supporting or fighting For ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida; (NEW)
OP9. Reaffirming its decision that States shall eliminate the supply of weapons, including small arms and light weapons, to terrorists, as well as its calls for States to find ways of intensifying and accelerating the exchange of operational information regarding traffic in arms, and to enhance coordination of efforts on national, subregional, regional and international levels; (SCR 2117, OP9)

Terrorist Financing
OP10. Reaffirms its resolution 1373 (2001) and in particular its decision that all States shall prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts and refrain firm providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in terrorist acts, including by suppressing recruitment of members of terrorist groups and eliminating the supply of weapons to terrorists; (SCR 2133 OP1)
OP11. Reaffirms its decision in resolution 1373 (2001) that all States shall prohibit their nationals or any persons and entities within their territories from making any funds, financial assets or economic resources or financial or other related services available, directly or indirectly, for the benefit of persons who commit or attempt to commit or facilitate or participate in the commission of terrorist acts including such acts committed by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al—Qaida, or for the benefit of entities owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such persons and of persons and entities acting on behalf of or at the direction of such persons; (based on SCR 2133 OP2)
OP12. Notes with concern that any oilfields and related infrastructure controlled by ISIL, ANF and ail other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, could generate income which would support their recruitment efforts and strengthen their operational capability to organise and carry out terrorist attacks; (based on PRST 2014/14)
OP13. Condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade involving ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and reiterates that such engagement could constitute financial support for entities designated by the Security Council 1267/1989 Committee and may lead to further listings by the Committee; (based on PRST 2014/14)
OP14. Emphasises the importance of all Member States upholding their obligation to ensure that their nationals and persons within their territory do not make donations to individuals and entities designated by the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 and 1989 or those acting on behalf of or at the direction of designated entities; (based on PRST 2014/ 14)
OP15. Expresses its concern that aircraft taking off from territory controlled by ISIL could be used to transfer gold or other valuable items and economic resources for sale on international markets, or to make other arrangements that could result in violations of the asset freeze, (NEW)
OP16. Calls upon all Member States to prevent kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by ISIL, (SCR 2133 PP7, adapted for ISIL), ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida; to secure the safe release of hostages (SCR 2133, OP3) held by ISIL, ANF and other groups associated with Al-Qaida without ransom payments or political concessions (based on SCR 2133 OP7, adapted for ISIL); and further to prevent 15m, ANF and other groups associated with AI-Qaida from benefiting directly or indirectly from ransom payments or political concessions; (based on SCR 2133 OP3)
Sanctions
OP17. Observes that ISIL is a splinter group of Al-Qaida, recalls that ISIL is a listed entity on the Al-Qaida sanctions list and in this regard, expresses its readiness to consider listing individuals, groups, undertakings and entities providing support to ISIL, including those who are recruiting for ISIL through information and communications technologies including the internet and social media; (NEW)
OP18. Decides that the individuals specified in Annex I of this resolution shall be subject to the measures imposed in paragraph I of resolution 2161 (2014);
OP19. Encourages the submission of listing requests to the Committee by Member States of individuals and entities supporting ISIL, ANF, and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida and further encourages the Committee to urgently consider additional designations of individuals and entities supporting ISIL and ANF; (NEW)

Reporting
OP20. Directs the Monitoring Team to submit a report to the Committee within 90 days on the threat posed by ISIL, its sources of arms and funding, and recommendations for additional action to address the threat and requests that, after a Committee discussion of this report, the chair of the Committee to brief the Security Council on its principal findings; (NEW)
OP21. Requests UNAMI, within its capabilities, its areas of operation and without prejudice to its mandate, to assist the Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) and the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team established by resolution 1526 (2004), including by passing information relevant to the implementation of the measures in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161 (2014); (NEW

OP22. Decides to remain seized of this matter. 
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