This letter was drafted by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon in November 2013, diplomats said.
Draft text for Letter of the United Nations Secretary-General to International Participants
|Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at his residence. |
In light of the appalling human suffering and widespread destruction in Syria, including the grave and ever-deteriorating human rights situation, violations of international humanitarian law and the risk of deepening conflict and regional instability, it is imperative to reach a peaceful settlement with the greatest urgency.
The path towards such a settlement was outlined in the Geneva Communique of 30 June 2012 (Annex I), unanimously endorsed by Security Council resolution 2118 of 27 September 2013. The Security Council called for the convening, as soon as possible, of a conference to implement the Geneva Communiqué. Since the initiative of Foreign Minister Lavrov of the Russian Federation and Secretary of State Kerry of the United States of America on 7 May 2013, intensive preparatory consultations between the United Nations and the Permanent Five Members of the Security Council, including the two Initiating States, and others have taken place, along with consultations with the Syrian parties.
Consequently, I am now convening the Geneva Conference on Syria, and am pleased to invite you to attend the high-level international meeting that will launch the Conference. The Conference will begin on 23 November 2013 at the Palais des Nations at 9.00 am.
The Conference aims to assist the Syrian parties in ending the violence and achieving a comprehensive agreement for a political settlement, implementing fully the Geneva Communique. The Communique contains Principles and Guidelines for a Syrian-led transition. These set out a number of key steps, beginning with agreement on a transitional governing body with full executive powers, formed by mutual consent. As the Geneva Communiqué says, the public services must be preserved or restored. This includes the military forces and security services. All governmental institutions and state offices must perform according to professional and human rights standards, operating under a top leadership that inspires public confidence under the control transitional governing body.
The Conference will convene under my chairmanship, first in an international high-level format Over one day. Negotiations between the two Syrian parties, facilitated by the Joint Special Representative for Syria will follow immediately. Adjournments and subsequent meetings may take place in accordance with a work-plan to be agreed. The high-level international meeting 111213.r resume its deliberations as required.
I am confident that the international participants will offer meaningful support for constructive negotiations between the Syrian parties. I am sure that all present will do their utmost to encourage the Syrian parties to reach a comprehensive settlement, fully implementing the Geneva Communique, within an accelerated time-frame. In addition to participation in the high-level meeting, it may be necessary to call upon you to assist further as the negotiations between the Syrian parties progress.
In inviting the Syrian parties, I have reminded them that the Security Council has called on the them to engage seriously and constructively at the Conference, and underscored that they should be fully representative of the Syrian people and committed to the implementation of the Geneva Communique and to the achievement of stability and reconciliation. I have also reminded the Syrian parties that, consistent with the Geneva Communique, Security Council resolution 1325 and other relevant resolutions (Annex II), full and effective participation of women needs to be assured, including through their senior presence in both delegations.
I look forward to confirmation of attendance of your delegation, and the list of delegates and advisers, by 15 November 2013.
Confirmation of attendance will be taken as commitment to the aims of the Conference stated above, in accordance with the Geneva Communiqué, in particular the Principles and Guidelines for a Syrian-led transition contained in it.
You will find annexed a technical information note (Annex III) and basic rules for the Conference (Annex IV).
The conflict in Syria has raged for too long, and has imposed too many sacrifices on the people of Syria. The violence must be ended expeditiously. The Geneva Conference offers a unique avenue towards this end. I am deeply grateful for you cooperation in this venture, to help enSure that peace can restored and the transition foreseen in the Geneva Communique can be implemented in a way that fully meets the aspirations of the Syrian people.
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