Wednesday, April 10, 2013

UN General Assembly draft resolution on Syria

Qatar proposed this draft resolution in the UN General Assembly, diplomats said. It might be voted on later this month. 

Proposed Draft General Assembly Resolution on the Situation in Syria
Agenda item 33
Prevention of armed conflict
The situation in the Syrian Arab Republic

PP1 Recalling its resolutions 66/176 of 19 December 2011, 66/253 A of 16 February 2012 66/253 B of 3 August 2012, and 67/183 of 20 December 2012, and Human Rights Council resolutions S 16/1 of 29 April 2011,  S 17/1 of 23 August 2011,3 S 18/1 of 2 December 2011,  19/1 of 1 March 2012, 19/22 of 23 March 2012,5 S 19/1 of 1 June 2012,  20/22 of 6 July 2012, 21/26 of 28 September 2012, and 22/31 of 22 March 2013,
PP2 Recalling also Security Council resolutions 2042 (2012) of 14 April 2012 and 2043 (2012) of 21 April 2012,
PP3 Recalling further all resolutions of the League of Arab States relating to the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular resolution 7595 of 6 March 2013, in which the League reviewed the very serious situation in the Syrian Arab Republic due to the escalating violence and killings in most of the Syrian territory, and the continuation of grave violations of human rights by the Syrian regime using heavy weapons, warplanes and Scud missiles to bomb neighbourhoods and populated areas, which has seriously increased the number of victims, caused human displacement inside the Syrian Arab Republic and an influx of thousands of Syrians to the neighbouring countries fleeing violence, which targets even children and women who have been subjected to frightful massacres, threatening thus to lead to the collapse the Syrian State, and endangers the security, peace and stability of the region,
PP4 Recalling also all relevant resolutions of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation on the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular resolution 2/4 EX (IS) of 15 August 2012 in which the Organization called for the immediate implementation of the transitional plan and the development of a peaceful mechanism that would allow the building of a new Syrian State based on pluralism and a democratic and civilian system, where there would be equality on the basis of law, citizenship and fundamental freedoms,
PP5 Expressing grave concern regarding the escalation of violence in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular the continued widespread and systematic gross violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those involving the continued use of heavy weapons and aerial bombardments, such as the indiscriminant use of ballistic missiles and cluster munitions, by the Syrian authorities against the Syrian population, and the failure of the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic to protect its population,
PP6 Expressing outrage at the death of more than 70,000 people in the Syrian Arab Republic,
PP7 Recalling the statements made by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights before the Human Rights Council and the Security Council that crimes against humanity are likely to have been committed in the Syrian Arab Republic, and noting the repeated encouragement by the High Commissioner to the Security Council to refer the situation to the International Criminal Court,
PP8 Deeply regretting the lack of cooperation of the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic with the independent international commission of inquiry, in particular the persistent denial of access to members of the commission to the Syrian Arab Republic,
PP9 Expressing concern at the occurrence of grave violations against children in the Syrian Arab Republic, that children were among the victims of military operations carried out by Government forces, including the Syrian armed forces, intelligence forces and shabbiha militias, and that children were victims of killing and maiming, arbitrary arrest, detention, torture, and ill treatment, including sexual violence, and were used as human shields, [PP10 of A/RES/67/183] as well as unlawfully recruited and used in the conduct of hostilities,
PP10 Expressing concern at the vulnerable situation of women in this context, including being subjected to discrimination, sexual and other physical abuse, violation of their privacy and arbitrary arrest and detention in raids, including to force their male relatives to surrender, recalling that such acts of sexual and gender-based violence could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity [SG report on sexual violence], underlining the importance of preventing all sexual violence and violence based on gender, and welcoming the intent of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict to visit the Syrian Arab Republic to investigate these violations and abuses,
PP11 Deploring the further deterioration of the humanitarian situation and the failure to ensure the safe and timely provision of humanitarian assistance to all areas affected by the fighting,
PP12 Deploring also the failure of the Syrian authorities to release all arbitrarily detained persons and grant access to detention centers to relevant humanitarian organizations with a view toward ensuring humane treatment of detainees,
PP13 Expressing deep concern at the more than one million refugees and millions of internally displaced persons fleeing as a result of the extreme violence,
PP14 Welcoming the efforts by neighboring countries  and other countries in the region to host Syrian refugees while acknowledging the socioeconomic consequences of the presence of large-scale refugee populations in these countries, notably Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, and Iraq,
PP15 Expressing its determination to seek ways and means to provide protection to the Syrian civilian population,
PP16 Expressing grave concern at the threat by the Syrian authorities to use chemical or biological weapons, as well as at allegations of reported use of such weapons, and welcoming the Secretary-General’s investigation into all  allegations of their use in the Syrian Arab Republic,
PP17 Stressing that rapid progress on a political transition represents the best opportunity to resolve the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic peacefully, and reaffirming its support for the engagement of the Secretary-General and all diplomatic efforts aimed at reaching a political solution to the crisis, reaffirming also the role of regional and subregional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security, as set out in Chapter VIII of the Charter
PP18 Welcoming the relevant resolutions of the League of Arab States to address the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic,
PP19 Recalling also all meetings of the group of friends of the Syrian people, in particular the fourth Ministerial Meeting held in Marrakech on 12 December 2012, where the participants acknowledged the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and opposition Forces as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people,
PP20 Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic and to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
PP21 Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and relevant international human rights law, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and recalling the obligation of the Syrian Arab Republic to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms,

1. Strongly condemns the continued escalation in the use by the Syrian authorities of heavy weapons, including indiscriminate shelling from tanks and aircrafts, as well as the use of ballistic missiles, cluster munitions and other indiscriminate weapons, against population centres;
2. Strongly condemns all violations of international humanitarian law and the continued widespread and systematic gross violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms by the Syrian authorities and the Government affiliated shabbiha militias, such as the use of heavy weapons, aerial bombardments and force against civilians, massacres, arbitrary executions, extrajudicial killings, the killing and persecution of protestors, human rights defenders and journalists, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearances, violations of the right of the child, including unlawful recruitment and use in the conduct of hostilities, unlawful interference with access to medical treatment, torture, systematic sexual violence, including rape in detention, and ill treatment, including against children, as well as any human rights abuses by armed opposition groups;
3. Condemns also all violence, irrespective of where it comes from, and Calls upon all parties to put an end to all forms of violence, including terrorist acts and acts of violence or intimidation that may foment sectarian tensions, and to comply strictly with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law;
4. Demands the Syrian authorities immediately put an end to all violations of international humanitarian law, including attacks against civilians, end immediately all violations of international human rights law, and meet its responsibility to protect the population and to fully comply with their obligations under applicable international law, including international law applicable to the rights and protection of women and girls as well as the Convention on the Right of the child;
5. Demands the Syrian authorities to release immediately all persons arbitrarily detained, including the members of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression, to publish a list of all detention facilities, to ensure that conditions of detention comply with applicable international law and to immediately allow access of independent monitors to all detention facilities;
6. Demands that the Syrian authorities grant the commission of inquiry and individuals working on its behalf immediate, full and unfettered entry and access to all areas of the Syrian Arab Republic, and demands also that all parties cooperate fully with the commission of inquiry in the performance of its mandate to investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law since March 2011;
7. Stresses again the importance of ensuring accountability and the need to end impunity and hold to account those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law and serious violations and abuses of international human rights law, including those that may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity;
8. Reaffirms that the Syrian people, on the basis of broad, inclusive and credible consultations, should determine, within the framework provided by international law, the process and mechanisms to achieve justice, reconciliation, truth and accountability for gross violations, as well as reparations and effective remedies for victims, whilst underlining the relevance of referrals to the appropriate international criminal justice mechanism  under appropriate circumstances;
9. Encourages the Security Council to consider appropriate measures in this regard;
10. Demands that the Syrian authorities strictly observe their obligations under international law with respect to chemical and biological weapons, including Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) and the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925 and further demands that the Syrian authorities refrain from using, or transferring to non-State actors, any chemical and biological weapons, or any related material, and that the Syrian authorities meet their obligations to account for and to secure all chemical and biological weapons and any related material;
11. Further demands that the Syrian authorities provide full and unfettered access to the Secretary-General’s investigation into all alleged use of chemical weapons and calls on all parties to cooperate with the investigation;

12. Reiterates its call for an inclusive Syrian-led political transition to a democratic, pluralistic political system, in which citizens are equal regardless of their affiliations or ethnicities or beliefs, including through the commencement of a serious political dialogue between credible, empowered, and mutually acceptable interlocutors representing the Syrian authorities and the Syrian opposition;
13. Welcomes the establishment of the National Coalition of the Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces on 11 November 2012 in Doha, State of Qatar, notes the wide international acknowledgement of the Coalition as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people, and welcomes the communiqué issued by the Coalition on February 18 and 22, 2013, which endorsed the principle of a political transition leading to a civil democratic, and pluralistic Syria, where all citizens are equal regardless of gender, religion, or ethnicity;
14. Welcomes the efforts of the League of Arab States towards a political resolution of the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and supports all relevant League of Arab States  resolutions;
15. Demands, in this regard, that all Syrian parties work with the Office of the Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States to Syria to implement rapidly the transition plan set forth in the final communiqué issued by the Action Group for Syria on 30 June 2012, in a way that marks a clean break with the past, assures the safety of all in an atmosphere of stability and calm, notably through the establishment of a consensus transitional governing body with full executive powers in which all functions of the Presidency and Government, including those pertaining to military, security, and intelligence issues, are transferred to this body, a review of the Constitution on the basis of an inclusive national dialogue, and free and fair multiparty elections held in the framework of this new constitutional order;
16. Requests the Secretary-General to provide support and assistance to the implementation of the transition plan set forth in the final communiqué of the Action Group for Syria, and encourages Member States to provide active support in this regard;
17. Requests that the Secretary-General, working in close co-ordination with international financial institutions, relevant regional and international organizations, including League of Arab States, and the legitimate representatives of the Syrian people, initiate planning to assist and support the transition by providing support to Syrian-led plans;

18. Deplores the deteriorating humanitarian situation and the failure to ensure safe and timely provision of humanitarian assistance to all areas affected by the fighting;
19. Reiterates its call upon the Syrian authorities to immediately and fully implement the agreed humanitarian response plan, and for all parties to the conflict to  grant immediate, safe, full and unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel to all populations in need of assistance in all parts of Syria and calls upon those parties to cooperate fully with the United Nations and relevant humanitarian organizations to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance through the most effectives routes;
20. Calls on the Syrian authorities to provide authorization for cross-border humanitarian operations as an urgent priority, and encourages all parties in Syria to facilitate the delivery of assistance across conflict lines, in order to implement fully the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response plan
21. Strongly condemns all attacks and threats of violence against humanitarian and UN personnel, as well as medical facilities and vehicles, as well as the use of medical civilian facilities, including hospitals, for armed purposes, and calls for all medical facilities to be free of weapons, including heavy weapons, consistent with applicable international law;
22. Strongly condemning the shelling as well as the shooting by the Syrian armed forces into neighbouring countries, which led to casualties and injuries of the civilians of those countries as well as of Syrian refugees, and underlines that such incidents violated international law, stress the grave threat of the crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic on the security of its neighbours and on regional peace and stability, as well as its grave implications for international peace and security, and calls upon the Syrian government to respect the sovereignty of neighboring states and meet its international obligations in this regard;
[23.  Express grave concern at the increasing numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons and as a result of the ongoing violence, which could undermine the capacities of the neighboring countries in providing the Syrian refugees with adequate humanitarian needs]
[24 Reiterates its appreciation of the significant efforts that have been made by neighboring countries and the countries of the region to assist those who have fled across the borders of the Syrian Arab Republic as a consequence of the violence, and urges all relevant United Nations agencies, in particular the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and other donors and humanitarian actors to provide urgent and coordinated support to Syrian Refugees and their host countries;]
25. Welcomes the Government of Kuwait’s hosting of the January 30 pledging conference for the UN Joint Appeal;
26 . Urges the international community to provide urgent financial support to the host countries to enable them to respond to the growing humanitarian needs of Syrian refugees, while emphasizing the principle of burden sharing,
27. Urges also all donors to provide expeditiously financial support to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat and international humanitarian organizations, as requested in the humanitarian appeals issued by the United Nations system and the host countries, so that they can implement more actively the humanitarian response plan inside the country,
28. Calls upon Member States to provide all support to the Syrian people, and encourages Member States to contribute to the United Nations humanitarian response efforts;
29. Requests the Secretary-General to report within thirty days on the implementation of the present resolution.
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1 comment:

  1. Maybe we were not rich people..But we did not need any one...
    We were eating what we were implanting... and wearing what we were weaving
    We had free hospitals, free schools and free universities...There was a law protecting everyone..
    We were building Syria ourselves ... we were not a closed society .... Church bells were ringing while prayers of mosques were reciting
    We have been blessed with the freedom even more than it should be...
    We are proud of our roots of civilization ...And we were keeping this civilization.

    They lie when they claim that Syria was against freedom
    Is what they are doing now is really freedom?!
    They accuse us that we are Shabiha!!
    Are all those millions supporting president Shabiha!!??
    Do they believe that we are defending a particular regime? or defending Syria?
    Syrian Arab army is protecting Syria from becoming a Salafi state ... and the leader of this army is the President of the Republic "President Bashar al-Assad", so for this reason, we support President Assad
    We-through this decision- are defending Syria..

    Only our sole sin is that we did not allow USA to control our national decision..
    We are not radical, nor the axis of evil... but we do not want to be affiliated to any one ...

    They did not leave us alone...They were always trying to impose their will on us.
    We did not accept to submit to their control...
    And now we are paying the tax..!!
    There is no revolution in Syria, but It's a real terrorism unprecedented in the history !!
    It is the tax we are paying now !!